DYATLOV PASS

Bodies of Yuri Doroshenko, Yuri Krivonischenko, Igor Dyatlov and Zinaida Kolmogorova were found on February 27, 1959 and brought to Ivdel. Autopsy was performed on March 4 by the regional bureau forensic patologyst Boris Alekseevich Vozrojdenniy (ironically his last name means "reborn" in Russian, interesting choice of profession) and the city medical examiner of Severouralsk Ivan Ivanovich Laptev. Medical examiners were still seeing the accident as freezing to death, although certain details were rising questions: Doroshenko had pulmonary oedema and pulmonary contusion as a result of blunt trauma; Krivonischenko bit off a piece his own knuckle to stay awake or stifle a cry and had 3rd degree burns that can not be sustained if you fall asleep still alive; Dyatlov was vomiting blood and Kolmogorova had a baton shaped bruise on her waist. Still the cause of death was hypothermia and nobody was suspecting a foul play. Not yet. On March 5 was found the fifth body and it was identified as Rustem Slobdoin. His autopsy was performed on March 8 by Vozrojdenniy alone. The skull trauma he had can't not be attributed to clumsiness or disorientation. Somebody hit him in the head. The remaining four bodies of Lyudmila Dubinina, Alexander Kolevatov, Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles and Semyon Zolotaryov were examined on May 9, 1959. Their bodies were found by a Mansi native Kurikov with his dog several months after their deaths. The state of their bodies will change the course of the whole investigation.

Doroshenko and Krivonischenko post-mortem
This is how the first bodies were found on February 27, 1959 under an old cedar, close to a fire pit. The photo is made before the snow is removed. We can see the checked shirt of Krivonischenko (facing up on the photo to the right). This photo gave birth to a legend that the two bodies were covered with a blanket, burial style.
Doroshchenko and Krivonischenko post-mortem
Same bodies after the the snow has been cleaned, Doroshenko facing down, Krivonischenko facing up. Doroshenko had burns on his foot and the right temple. Krivonischenko had burns on his left leg and left foot. In their hands were observed numerous minor injuries, bruises and abrasions. Doroschenko was first identified as Zolototaryov.
Doroshchenko and Krivonischenko post-mortem
The position Doroshenko's body was found does not match the livor mortis on his back. The bodies were laid down next to each other points to the post-mortem manipulations. The scene looks orderly, no obscene games with the corpses that killers very often leave behind. This suggests that whoever was last in contact with the bodies felt compassion, pity and respect towards the victims. They were not the murderers, but their friends in distress that tried to make their deathbeds somehow less horrible.
Dyatlov Pass incident cedar tree
Dyatlov Pass incident cedar tree

Remains of a fire under old cedar with branches broken up to 5 m high suggesting that hikers had climbed up to look for something or to hide from someone. The clearing is facing in the direction where the tent was. The branches of the cedar were scattered on the ground, and partly hung on the lower branches. Nearby the young fir and birch trees were cut with a knife to break. The cut off tops and the knife were not found. This cuttings were not meant for burning as dryer twigs could be found around. It became clear that under the cedar more than two people engaged in great effort to gather wood for protection.

Yuri Doroshenko (21)

Yuri Doroshenko Autopsy Report

Yuri Doroshenko post-mortem

Yuri Doroshenko was 180 cm tall, most sturdy and tallest member of the group. The complexion of the deceased has been described as "brown-purple". He was wearing sleeveless cotton undershirt, short sleeve checked shirt with two empty breast pockets with all sixs buttons fastened, shorts and swimming trunks, blue cotton underpants fastened with two buttons - badly ripped on the front of the right side with one large hole 23 cm in length and inside the thigh of the left side 13 cm in length. He was wearing different set of wool socks on both feet, socks on left foot were burned. No shoes. Livor mortis spots were located at the back of the neck, torso and extremities, which was not consistent with the position of the body in which it was found. This means the body was moved some time after the blood stopped circulating.

  1. in the hair of the deceased expert found particles of moss and pine needles; hair is burned on the right side of the head
  2. ear, nose and lips are covered with blood
  3. swollen upper lip with dark red hemorrhage
  4. right cheek soft tissue covered with gray foam; gray liquid coming form his open mouth. Most apparent cause is pulmonary edema.
  5. ear auricles in bluish-red color; in the right ear lobe and tragus dense patches of brown-red color
  6. inner surface of the right shoulder has two abrasions 2x1.5 cm with no bleeding in the tissues, two cuts on the skin
  7. right armpit has a bruise 2x1.5 cm
  8. brown-red bruises with size 4x1 cm, 2.5x1.5 cm, 5x5 cm in the upper third of right forearm
  9. swelling and small abrasions in the rear of the right hand soft tissue
  10. bruise with bleeding into the underlying soft tissue on the back of the right hand corresponding to the second metacarpal bone
  11. the soft tissues of both hands and fingers tips are especially dark purple; all fingers and toes are severelly frostbitten. If Yuri Doroshenko would have survived, he would have required an amputation of all his toes and fingers.
  12. on the inner surface of the left shoulder in the lower third abrasion brown-redcolor
  13. on the inner surfaces of the left elbow minor abrasions brownish-red color
  14. on the inner surface of the left forearm there is a surface skin wound covered with dried blood
  15. similar bruises in pale red color on the shins of both legs

Amount of urine was 150 cm3. This volume is smaller than what it would be expected in case of death by hypothermia. The body was still making efforts to fight the freezing at the time of death. The hypothermic death cases have significantly more urine in the bladder (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov). The foamy grey fluid that was found on the right cheek of the deceased started the speculations that before death someone or something was pressing on his chest cavity. This forceful method was common for interrogation by the NKVD (Stalin's Secret Police) and Special Forces. The cause could also be a nasty fall from a tree. This aspect was ignored in the final papers, that read cause of death: hypothermia.

Experts described the injuries - bruises and abrasions, as non-life threatening and explained them with Doroshenko hitting himself in rocks and ice, and other surrounding objects, in the state of agony. Death, according to the file, occurred 6-8 hours after the last meal.

Yuri Krivonischenko (23)

Yuri Krivonischenko Autopsy Report

Yuri Krivonischenko post-mortem

His body was discovered underneath the cedar tree. He was dressed in a undershirt, long sleeved checked shirt, swimming pants, long underpants and torn sock on his left foot. No footwear.

  1. bruises on the forehead 0.3x1.8 cm
  2. diffuse bleeding in the right temporal and occipital region due to damage to temporalis muscle
  3. bruise around left temporal bone
  4. tip of the nose is missing, no traces of blood meaning it was bitten most probably by animals post mortem, the deceased was found face up
  5. frostbitten ears
  6. portion of the epidermis from the right hand is found in the mouth of the deceased
  7. back of the right hand is swollen, fingers are brownish-purple
  8. tips of the fingers on right hand are dark brown color, minor skin abrasions on the soft tissue
  9. palm of the right hand bluish-red color, dark brown skin wound with jagged edges at the base of the thumb
  10. in the middle phalanx of the fingers 4-5 cutaneous wound with hard edges and charred surface
  11. detachment of the 2 cm epidermis on the back of his left hand
  12. abrasion in pale red color on the right side of the chest 7x2 cm and 2x1.2 cm
  13. pale red abrasions along middle clavicular line at the edge of the rib of the right hypochondrium
  14. dark red abrasions on left wrist, back of the left hand is swollen
  15. pink and brown-red bruise on his left buttock 10x3 cm
  16. three linear skin lesions with straight edges, sharp corners and depth up to 0.3 cm on the inner side of the upper third of the left thigh
  17. three cutaneous wounds with sharp corners on the inner side of the upper third of the left hip
  18. dark brown abrasion on the front of the right femur and tibia
  19. dark brown-red abrasions on the front-inner left thigh
  20. edema on the left leg and foot, burn in the area the size of 31x10 cm on the entire outer surface of the leg
  21. patches in area 10x4 cm of brown-red epidermis peeling from the back of the left foot, second toe charred to dark brown color and the tissue is dense to the touch

The amount of urine in the bladder was 500 cm3. Cause of death: hypothermia. The presence of skin between his teeth that was torn from his hand might suggest that Krivonischenko tried to stay on the cedar tree as long as he could and tried to awaken his irresponsive hands by biting himself, or he was trying to stifle a cry.

The first two bodies of (Doroshenko and Krivonischenko) that were found from the Dyatlov Pass incident showed an expected pattern of death. They froze to death. Their clothes were removed by their friends. It might sound bad, but this is the reality of Siberia. If you can't keep yourself warm, you will die quickly. One of the most common myths that surround these deaths is a theory of so-called "paradoxical undressing". This theory ignores the fact that the bodies were undressed after they died and it was done by other members with a help of a knife in some cases. Different articles of clothing were simply cut from the dead bodies or taken off and used by other members of the group. The sliers clearly showed logical will to live. There was no state of panic and there were no illogical actions. Bodies were carefully and respectfully laid side by side and their possessions were divided among the survivors.

Igor Dyatlov (23)

Igor Dyatlov post-mortem
Igor Dyatlov post-mortem
Igor Dyatlov post-mortem

Igor Dyatlov was found same day (2-27-1959) 300 m from the cedar, face up, head towards the tent. Above the snow were visible only his hands clenched into fists folded in front of his chest. The unbuttoned jacket is unusual for somebody that is freezing to death.

Igor Dyatlov Autopsy Report

Height 175 cm, the complexion of the deceased has been described as "bluish-red". He had unbuttoned fur sleeveless vest - outer side blue cotton, inner side dark grey fur (Yudin later recognized this as vest he gave Krivonishenko when they parted), a blue sweater, long sleeve red cotton shirt, in the breats pocket 4 pills Streptocide (anti-inflammatory agent used for wound infection) still in the blister, blue sleeveless cotton singlet, ski pants over his pants. No shoes. He had one cotton sock on his left foot, and one woolen sock on his right foot. It is hard to explain this uneven distribution. It could be that he had two socks on one foot and later took it off to protect the other bare foot. It might have been someone's sock who simply gave it away to protect a friend from a certain death. The watch "Zvezda" (Star) on the his wrist had stopped at 5:31

  1. minor abrasions on the forehead
  2. minor abrasions on the upper eyelids
  3. brown-red abrasions above the left eyebrow
  4. minor abrasions on the left cheek
  5. brown-red abrasions on both cheeks
  6. dried blood on lips
  7. lower jaw had a missing incisor, the mucosa was intact that suggest the tooth was lost long before the final trip
  8. bruised knees without bleeding into the underlying tissues
  9. both ankles had brownish red abrasions, size 1x0.5 cm and 3x2.5 cm with hemorrhage into the underlying tissue
  10. single incision 4x2 cm in the lower third of the right tibia
  11. many small scratches of dark red color on the lower third of the right forearm and palm surface
  12. purple-gray discoloration on back side of the right hand
  13. metacarpophalangeal joints on the right hand had brown red bruises. This is common injury in hand to hand fights. To get a better idea of the injuries just make a fist. This is the part of the hand which you use to hit someone.
  14. left hand is brown-purple color with brownish-red bruises
  15. superficial wounds on the 2nd and 5th finger on the left hand
  16. skin wound in the palmar surface of the 2nd 5th finger of left hand

There were no internal injuries. Amount of urine in the bladder about 1000 cm3. Cause of death: hypothermia. Later Yury Yudin will testify that the long sleeved shirt found on the body of Igor Dyatlov was his. But he gave it to Doroshenko then he was departing. It would be logical to assume that Dyatlov got it from a frozen body of the Doroshenko after he had died.

Zinaida Kolmogorova (22)

Zinaida Kolmogorova Autopsy Report

Zinaida Kolmogorova post-mortem

Zinaida was found 630 m from the cedar, face down, head towards the tent. She was better dressed than the bodies under the cedar. She had two hats, long sleeve undershirt, sweater, checked shirt and another sweater with torn cuff of the right sleeve. It was unclear whether she cut them it or it was torn by another person. Sweaters were inside out which is not unusual for mountaineers when they try to dry clothes by wearing them. Waist down Zinaida was wearing cotton sport pants, trousers, ski pants with three small holes at the bottom of the right trouser-leg, and three pairs of socks. Two pairs were thin, then the third pair was woolen with insoles inside. No footwear. In her pockets were found 5 rubles and a military style protective mask on the left side of her chest between the top sweater and the checked shirt underneath.

  1. dark red abrasion on the right frontal eminence
  2. pale gray area 3x2 cm above the right eyebrow
  3. dark red abrasion on the upper eyelids
  4. brown red graze on the bridge and tip of the nose
  5. numerous abrasions on the left cheekbone
  6. bruised skin on the right side of the face
  7. brown-red abrasion on the back of both hands in the area of metacarpal phalangeal and inter-phalangeal joints
  8. wound with jagged edges and missing skin on the back of the right hand at the base of the third finger
  9. frostbites on the phalanges of fingers
  10. a long bright red bruise 29x6 cm in the lumbar region on the right side of the torso. The bruise looks like left from a baton

Amount of urine in bladder is 300 cm3. Cause of death: hypothermia due to violent accident. Medical examination shows that Zinaida was not sexually active at the time of her death. This fact is only relative to asses the nature of the relationship between Zinaida Kolmogorova and Igor Dyatlov.

Rustem Slobodin (23)

Rustem Slobodin post-mortem
Rustem's body was found 480 m from the cedar on March 5, the day after the autopsy of the first four bodies, covered with 12-15 cm of snow, face down, head towards the tent.
Rustem Slobodin post-mortem
The body of Rustem Slobodin thawing in the morgue of the central hospital of labor camp H-240 in Ivdel.
Rustem Slobodin Autopsy Report

Fracture of the frontal bone and hemorrhages (shaded areas) in the temporalis muscles that were found on the skull of Rustem Slobodin

Rustem was better dressed that the previously found hikers. He wore a long sleeve undershirt, shirt, sweater, two pairs of pants, four pairs of socks, and one felt boot (valenka) on his right foot. His watch stopped at 8:45 am. On the chest under the sweater were two shoe insoles, in the shirt pocket - 310 rubles and his passport. In other pockets were found small folding pocket knife (penknife), pencil, pen, comb in a plastic sleeve, box of matches with 48 match sticks, and one cotton sock. His autopsy was performed on March 8 by Vozrojdenniy alone.

  1. hemorrhages in the temporalis muscles
  2. minor brownish red abrasions on the forehead
  3. two scratches are 1.5 cm long at the distance of 0.3 cm between them
  4. brownish red bruise on the upper eyelid of the right eye with hemorrhage into the underlying tissues
  5. traces of blood discharge from the nose
  6. swelling and a lot of small abrasions on both sides of the face
  7. bruises in the metacarpophalangeal joints on both hands. Similar bruises are common in hand to hand combat
  8. brown cherry bruises on the medial aspect of the left arm and left palm
  9. swollen lips
  10. bruises on the left tibia in dimensions at 2.5x1.5 cm (not shown on diagram)
  11. epidermis is torn from the right forearm (not shown on diagram)
  12. fracture of the frontal bone 6x0.1 cm located 1.5 cm from the sagittal suture (showing on separate skull trauma diagram without numbers)

Boris Alekseevich Vozrojdenniy suggested that the fracture in his skull could be done with some foreign blunt object. Medical autopsy further states that Slobodin probably suffered loss of coordination due to initial shock right after the blow that could speed up his death from hypothermia. However the conclusion is predictably careful. Death of Rustem Slobodin is judged as a result from hypothermia. All bruises and scratches were blamed on last minute agony. Although it is still somewhat unclear how did he manage to harm his exterior hands and legs. When the person falls even in an irrational state it is usually the palms that suffer the most as well as medial aspects of the legs. Injury to the head are less common, especially bilateral ones. It is also unusual to harm the face and sides of the skull while the back of the head has no damage. In case of Slobodin's body we see the opposite. His injury pattern is a reverse of what we would usually see in injuries suffered by a freezing man in the last minutes of his life. It looks as if Rustem fell repeatedly on his face as he was walking down the mountain. And every time he fell he managed to hit the sides of the his head. This is unusual for a man who was probably in a better physical shape than anyone else in the group. Even a long ski trip could hardly be responsible for this alleged "clumsiness". Rustem's body was the only one with icy bed under from the hardening of the thawing snow. This means that the body fell when relatively still warm and there was a noticeable heat exchange into the environment.

On Doroshenko (found face up), Kolmogorova and Slobodin (found face down) the livor mortis spots were on the top surface of the body. This lead to speculations that the bodies were moved (turned over) after their death. This finding is controversial.

Searching efforts continue but two months went by without a trace of the remaining 4 hikers.

When in May the snow start melting a Mansi native Kurikov with his dog noticed some cut branches that were forming sort of trail which they followed and 50 m from the cedar they found black cotton sweat pants, the right leg cut off with a knife. Cedar branches, a young fir tree was missing its top, another piece of clothing was found - the left half of the women's light-brown wool sweater, right half and sleeves cut off. Sweater was presumed to belong to Lyudmila Dubinina. The area was previously searched with avalanche probes but the snow then was deeper than expected. The bodies were found on May 5 and examined on May 9, 1959. See more detailed maps

Dyatlov Pass Den is one of the key issues in the whole Dyatlov Pass Incident. On one hand it clearly shows that member of the party were sane enough to do anything in their power to survive. On the other hand it is still unclear on why their attempts didn't work.

Dyatlov Pass incident map
Dyatlov Pass The Den
Dyatlov Pass The Den
Dyatlov Pass The Den

The den was made by surviving four members of the Dyatlov group 70- 75 meters from the cedar in a ravine that was hidden from cold winds. It was probably an idea of Zolotarev. It was a common way to survive winters at the front and given the circumstances it offered the best chance for survival for those who remained behind waiting in hope that their three friends will make it to the top of the mountain. It further undermines the theory of paradox undressing. The group clearly realized their threats and did everything they could to preserve themselves. Cedar branches were brought here and laid out to minimize contact of human bodies and cold snow underneath. Furthermore Ludmila Dubinina had sweater and pants of Krivonischenko. Both as it turned out had radiation present on them. However the strangeness of the case was not resolved. In fact it became more weird. All, but three members had significant damage to their bones. They were crushed with immense force. Doctors compared the extend of the damage to being hit by a car. A second thing that is striking about the den is that bodies were actually found few feet from their improvised shelter in the deep part of the ravine on the area of only 4 square meters. Some of the clothes that were taken from bodies left underneath the cedar tree were placed on the cedar branches, but apparently they were not used.

Lyudmila Dubinina post-mortemFirts was found the body of Dubinina on her knees, face and chest pressed to the rock.
Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolle and Alexander Kolevatov post-mortemThe bodies of Kolevatov and Thibeaux-Brignolle were embraced breast-to-back, the body of Zolotaryov was close by down the creek.
Alexander Kolevatov and Semyon Zolotaryov post-mortemThe bodies of Kolevatov and Zolotaryov. Notice the photo camera around the neck of Semyon Zolotaryov. He was also found holding a pen in one hand and a small notepad in the other, but died before he could write anything down.

Lyudmila Dubinina (20)

Lyudmila Dubinina Autopsy Report

Lyudmila Dubinina post-mortem

Lyudmila wore a short sleeve shirt, long sleeve shirt, and two sweaters. The brown sweater belonged to Krivonischenko - one of the two found beneath the cedar, and lately tested radioactive. The body was dressed with underwear, long socks, two pairs of pants. External pair was badly damaged by fire and subsequently ripped. She also wore a small hat and two pairs of warm sock. A third sock was not paired. Lyudmila apparently in the last attempt to preserve her feet took off her sweater and cut it in two pieces. One half she rapped around her left foot. Another half she left or dropped unintentionally on the snow.

  1. soft tissues are missing around eyes, eyebrows, nose bridge and left cheek bone is partially exposed
  2. damaged tissues around left temporal bone, size 4x4 cm
  3. eye sockets are empty, eyeballs are missing
  4. nose cartilages are broken and flattened
  5. soft tissues of the upper lip are missing, teeth and and upper jaw is exposed
  6. tongue is missing
  7. ribs 2, 3, 4, 5 are broken on the right side, two fracture lines are visible
  8. ribs 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 are broken on the left side, two fracture lines are visible
  9. massive hemorrhage in the heart's right atrium
  10. bruise in the middle left thigh, size 10x5 cm (not shown on diagram)

There are claims that the tongue was ripped, or eaten, or whatnot. The medical records simply that "the tongue is missing". Vozrojdenniy describes missing hypoglossal muscle as well as muscles of the floor of the mouth. That is it. There is no explanation, theories, condition of the surrounding tissues. Photos of Lyudmila from the morgue clearly show that there is no damage to the mouth, nose, ears or other soft tissues. If the body was devoured by scavengers, insects or even fish in the water these would be the first parts of the body that would show signs of damage.

It looks weird especially given the fact previous bodies had more detailed autopsies. There is no credible explanation for this vague statement. Although it is mentioned that the stomach contained about 100 g of coagulated blood. It is used by some as an indication that the heart was beating and the blood was flowing when tongue was removed from a mouth. The cause of death is stated as hemorrhage into right atrium of the heart, multiple fractured ribs and internal bleeding.

Semyon Zolotaryov (37)

Semyon Zolotoryov Autopsy Report

Semyon Zolotaryov post-mortem

  1. eye balls are missing
  2. missing soft tissues around left eye brow, size 7x6 cm, bone is exposed
  3. open wound on the right side of the skull with exposed bone, 8x6 cm in size
  4. flail chest, broken ribs 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 on the right side, two fracture lines

The body of Semyon Zolotaryov was found at the Dyatlov Pass with two hats, scarf, short, long sleeve shirt, black sweater and a coat with two upper buttons unbuttoned. It was fairly clear that the guy didn't die from the cold. On the contrary the den was pretty warm place for him. His lower part of the body was protected by underwear, two pairs of pants and a pair of skiing pants. He had a copy of newspapers, several coins, compass, and other few items. His legs were protected by a pair of socks and a pair of warm leather hand made shoes known as "burka". They probably couldn't keep him warm for a long time, but in the den it was sufficient in keeping the man alive. Additionally the body of Zolotaryov had a camera around his neck as it it clearly seen on the pictures. We should add that this camera became a complete surprise to Yuri Yudin. He assumed the group had only four cameras that were found in the tent. And all of a sudden a fifth camera turned out on the body. Unfortunately melting water damaged the film. But the question still lingers. Why did Zolotaryov left the tent with the camera and why did he take two cameras to the trip? One was used on daily basis and everyone saw it. It was left in the tent and discovered there by the search party, but another was hidden throughout a journey and was found only after Semen Zolotarev have died. The film was damaged by water so the question remains: "What was so important that he captured on the slope of the mountain that day?" He was also found holding a pen in one hand and a small notepad in the other, but died, before he could write anything down.

Both Zolotarev and Dubinina have an interesting pattern of injuries. They are very similar in direction and force despite difference in shape, height and body composition of the two. This would suggest that whatever caused these injuries was not a single uniform event.

Alexander Kolevatov (24)

Alexander Kolevatov Autopsy Report

The body of Aleksander Kolevatov was well insulated, but he was missing a hat and shoes. His upper torso was protected by a sleeveless shirt, long sleeved shirt, sweater, fleece sweater and ski jacket with a zipper and buttons. Ski jacket was damaged. A big hole on the left sleeve had burnt edges and measured 25x12x13 cm. His right sleeve was also damaged. Several tears 7-8 cm were found. The jacket was unbuttoned and unzipped. A strange finding for person who was supposedly dying from cold and hypothermia. During autopsy following objects were retrieved from his pockets: key, safety pin, some blank paper (probably to keep a record of his thoughts or events) and two packages of pills (soda and codeine).

The lower part of the body had shorts, light pants, ski pants and another pair of canvas pants. From the right pocket doctors retrieved a box of matches that was soaked wet. His feet as it was mentioned had no shoes, but they were protected by home knitted woolen socks with sights of fire damage. His right foot was also protected by a light sock underneath a woolen one. His left foot had similar three socks. Additionally a bandage was discovered on the left ankle, but it was probably put before the Dyatlov Pass Incident since the group left their first aid kit in the tent.

The waistband of his sweater and the lower parts of his trousers later tested radioactive.

  1. lack of soft tissues around eyes, eyebrows are missing, skull bones are exposed
  2. broken nose
  3. open wound behind ear, size 3x1.5 cm
  4. deformed neck
  5. diffuse bleeding in the underlying tissues of the left knee (not shown on diagram)
  6. softened and whitened skin (maceration) of the fingers and feet, sign consisted with putrefaction in a wet environment
  7. overall skin had a gray green color with a tinge of purple

This autopsy had similar strange silence about the injuries of the victim. Broken nose, open wound behind the ear and deformed neck might be the result of a fight and be cause of death. On the other hand it could have been caused by natural elements since the body was exposed to nature for three whole months. Yet the doctor ignores this matter and doesn't try to explain the reason for these strange injuries. We should probably add that snapped neck and blow behind the ear is a common sign of killing performed by special forces. However we can't be sure about this since the autopsy report didn't specify any more details about the body. We are left guessing on the nature and origin of these injuries.

Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles (23)

Nikolai Thibeaux-Brignolles Autopsy Report

Nikolay Thibeaux Brignolle was well protected against coldness of Siberian winter. It was suggested that him and Zolotarev might have been outside of the tent at the time mysterious threat struck them. This explain why both tourists wore shoes and were covered by several layers of clothes. Both men were much better prepared than the rest of the group when they were forced to abandon their tent.

Nikolay wore a canvas fur hat and home knitted woolen hat. Upper body was protected from coldness by shirt, wool sweater worn inside out and a fur jacket on a sheepskin. Woolen gloves were found in the right pocket along with three coins, comb and several pieces of paper. Lower part of the body was protected by underwear, sweat pants, cotton pants and ski pants. On his feet he wore hand-knitted woolen socks a a pair of felt boots (valenki), Russian winter shoes perfect for Siberian coldness.

Additionally Nikolay Thibeaux Brignolle wore two watches on the left arm. One stopped at 8:14 and another at 8:39. Cadaveric spots were discovered on the back of the upper body, neck and upper extremities. Face hair length up to 1cm.

  1. multiple fractures to the temporal bone, with extensions to the frontal and sphenoid bones, the close up of the fractures to the skull is shown on the picture
  2. bruise on the upper lip on the left side
  3. hemorrhage on the lower forearm, size 10x12 cm

Vozrojdenniy, who undertook the autopsy, excluded accidental fall on the rock as a possible cause for such a massive and unusual fracture. Some theorized that the shape might be due to pressure applied during alleged avalanche that hit unsuspected tourists while they slept in the tent. If Nikolay slept on a camera this sudden increase in pressure could leave a mark on his head, however the shape of the lens is round and the damage would have a more round shape. Another reason why some specialists refused this theory is a massive hemorrhage that would make Thibeaux-Brignolle unable to move on his own and leave the site of the tent. There was no signs of dragging on the snow and foot prints suggest that everyone in the group moved on their own two feet.

 

Dyatlov Pass: Open Discussion
Any thoughts on the matter?