- CASE FILES
PROSECUTOR OF THE SVERDLOVSK REGION
STATE ADVISER OF JUSTICE OF THE III CLASS
May 28, 1959
May 28, 1959, the mountains. Sverdlovsk
Prosecutor criminologist of the Sverdlovsk Regional Prosecutor's Office junior Justice Counselor Ivanov, having examined the criminal case instituted on the occasion of the death of 9 tourists in the Ivdelsky district of the Sverdlovsk region,
January 23, 1959 a group of amateur tourists in the amount of 10 people went on a ski trip along the route: Mountains. Sverdlovsk - mountains. Ivdel - the village. 2nd North - Mount Oorten - Oka-Chakur mountain - North Toscheka river - Settlement. Vizhay - Ivdel - the mountains. Sverdlovsk.
The group consisted of: Igor Dyatlov - a student of the Ural Polytechnic Institute, head of the campaign; Dubinina LA, Kolmogorova ZA, Kolevatov AS, Yudin Yu.E., Doroshenko Yu.N. - UPI students; Zolotarev AA - Instructor of the Kourovka Tourist Base, Slobodin RV, Krivonischenko Yu.G., Thibo-Brignol N.V. - engineers of enterprises in Sverdlovsk and Chelyabinsk.
All the participants of the hike had good tourist training and could participate in the hike of the III category of difficulty. The group was supplied with the necessary equipment and food, financed the march of the trade union committee of the Ural Polytechnic Institute.
Arriving safely to the place of the beginning of the hike - on the village. 2 nd Northern Ivdelsky district, group 28.I.59 g. Went on a campaign. One tourist - Yudin Yu.S. from the site of the 2 nd Northern returned home, as he could not continue the trek because of illness.
From diary entries, crooks of the route and developed photographic films of tourists it is seen that on 28 May 1955 the group went upstream of the river. Lozvy, 30. I. 59 g. The group continued its movement, 31. 31. 59. The tourists came to the river Auspii and tried to pass by the pass to the valley of the river. Lozvy, but because of the low temperature and strong wind they had to go back down and stopped for the night. I.II.59 in the upper reaches of the river. Auspia tourists built a house in which they left a supply of food and all unnecessary equipment.
Returning to 31.I.59 in the valley of the river. Auspia and knowing about the difficult conditions of the relief of the height "1079", where the ascent was supposed to be, Dyatlov, as the leader of the group, made a gross mistake, expressed in the fact that the group began the ascent of IIII.59, only at 15-00. >
Sheet 385 (fixed since 382)
Later, on the ski trail, which was preserved at the time of the search, it was possible to establish that the tourists, moving to the valley of the fourth tributary of the Lozva River, were 500-600 m to the left and instead of the pass formed by the peaks "1079" and "880" came to the eastern slope of the summit "1079".
This was Diatlov's second mistake.
Using light day time to rise to the top of the "1079", in conditions of strong wind that is usual in this area, and a low temperature of the order of 25-30 ° C, Woodpeckers found themselves at unprofitable conditions for spending the night and decided to pitch the tent on a slope tops "1079" so that in the morning of the next day, without losing altitude, go to the mountain Oorten, to which the line remained about 10 km.
In one of the cameras, a frame (made last), which depicts the moment of excavation of snow for the installation of the tent, was preserved. Considering that this frame was shot with an exposure of I / 25 seconds, with a diaphragm of 5.6 at a film sensitivity of 65 Un. GOST, and taking into account the density of the frame, we can assume that the tourists started the installation of the tent around 5 pm I.II.59 g. A similar picture was taken with another camera.
After this time, no records and no photos were found.
According to the protocol of the route committee, the team leader, Igor Dyatlov, 12.II.59, was to telegraphically inform the sports club of the UPI and the Committee of Physical Education (comrade Ufimtsev) of arriving in the village of Vizhay.
Since the deadline of 12.II.59 passed, and the group did not receive any information from the group, the tourists who knew Dyatlova closely began to demand the adoption of measures for tracing, and on 20.II.59 the Institute's leadership on the Diatlov route was sent a search team, and then several more groups. Subsequently, soldiers and officers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, planes and helicopters of civil and military aviation were sent for searches.
On February 26, 1959, on the eastern slope of the peak "1079" a group tent was found with all the equipment and food in it. The tent and all that was in it were well preserved.
Inspection of the tent showed that it was set correctly and provided accommodation for tourists. In the tent there are 2 blankets, backpacks, storm jackets and trousers. The rest of the blankets were crumpled and frozen. On the blanket were found several pieces of skins from the loin.
Location and availability of items in the tent (almost all shoes, all outer clothing, personal belongings and diaries) indicated that the tent was abandoned suddenly by all tourists at the same time, and, as it was established in the subsequent forensic expertise, the lee side of the tent, where tourists were heads, it was cut from the inside in two places, on the sites, providing a free exit of the person through these cuts.
Sheet 386 (corrected os 383)
Below the tent, for up to 500 meters in the snow, traces of people walking from the tent to the valley and into the forest have been preserved. The traces were well preserved and there were 8-9 pairs. Inspection of the tracks showed that some of them were almost barefooted (for example, in one cotton sock), others had a typical display of a felt boots, legs covered in a soft sock, etc. Tracks of tracks were located close to each other, converging and again separated one from another. Closer to the border of the forest, the traces have disappeared - they were covered with snow.
Neither traces of the struggle nor the presence of other people were found in the tent or near it.
26.II.59 in 1500 meters from the tent, at the forest boundary, the remains of the fire are found, and near him are bodies Doroshenko and Krivonischenko, stripped to the underwear. At 300 meters from the campfire, in the direction of the tent, was found the body of Dyatlov, 180 meters away from him - the body of Slobodin, and 150 meters from Slobodin - Kolmogorova body. The last three bodies were located on a straight line from the fire to the tent. Woodpeckers lay on their backs, their heads in the direction of the tent, their hands clasping the trunk of a small birch. Slobodin and Kolmogorov lay face down, their pose testified that they were crawling to the tent. In the pockets of Kolmogorov, Diatlov and Slobodin, money, personal things (pens, pencils, etc.) were found. On the left hand Slobodina, thrown aside, found a clock that showed 8 hours and 45 minutes. Dyatlov's clock showed 5 hours 3I minute.
Forensic medical examination found that Dyatlov, Doroshenko, Krivonischenko and Kolmogorov died from the action of low temperature (frozen), none of them had physical injuries, not counting minor scratches and abrasions. Slobodin had a crack in the skull 6 cm long, which had spread to 0.1 cm, but Slobodin died from cooling.
May 4, 1959, 75 meters from the fire, towards the valley of the fourth tributary of Lozva, i.e. perpendicular to the way of tourists from the tent, under a layer of snow in 4-4.5 meters, bodies of Dubinina, Zolotareva, Thibault Brignol and Kolevatov have been found. On the bodies, as well as a few meters from them, Krivonischenko and Doroshenko's clothes were found-trousers, sweaters. All clothing has traces of smooth cuts, tk. was filmed already with the bodies of Doroshenko and Krivonischenko.
The dead Thibault Brignol and Zolotarev found well-dressed, worse dressed Dubinin - her jacket made of artificial fur and a cap were on Zolotarev, unbuttoned Dubinina's leg wrapped in woolen pants Krivonischenko. Near the bodies, Krivonischenko's knife was found, which cut off young firs near the fire. On the hand of Thibaut there are two hours - one of them shows 8 hours of I4 minutes, the second - 8 hours 39 minutes.
Forensic evidence of bodies revealed that Kolevatov's death had come from the effect of low temperature (frozen), Kolevatov had no physical injuries. The death of Dubinina, Thibault Brignol and Zolotarev was the result of multiple physical injuries. Dubinina has a semimetric fracture of the ribs: on the right 2, 3,4,5 and left 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. In addition, extensive hemorrhage in the heart.
Sheet 387 (forwarded from 384)
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Thibault-Brignol has an extensive hemorrhage in the right temporal muscle - corresponding to him - a crushed fracture of the skull bones measuring 3 x 7 cm, with a bone defect 3 x 2 cm.
Zolotarev has a broken rib on the right 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 along the okologo-ore and mid-clavicular line, which caused his death.
The investigation did not establish the presence on February 1 or February 2, 1959 in the area of the "1079" height of other people, except the group of tourists Dyatlova. It is also established that the population of the Mansi people, living in 80-100 km from this place, is Russian friendly, presents tourists, lodges, helps them, etc. The place where the group died is considered to be unfit for hunting and reindeer breeding in the winter.
Given the absence of external injuries and signs of struggle on all bodies, the presence of all the values of the group, and also taking into account the conclusion of the forensic medical examination on the causes of death of tourists, it should be considered that the reason for the death of tourists was the spontaneous power to overcome which the tourists were not able to.
For the shortcomings in the organization of tourist work and weak control of the bureau of the Sverdlovsk GC the CPSU punished in party terms: the director of the Ural Polytechnic Institute Siunova, the secretary of the party bureau Zaostrovsky, the chairman of the trade union UPK Slobodin, the chairman of the city union of voluntary sports societies Kurochkin and the inspector of the union Ufimtseva. The chairman of the board of the sports club of the Gordo Institute has been removed from work.
Given that between the actions of the above-mentioned persons who have committed shortcomings in the formulation of sports work and the death of tourists there is no causal connection and, not seeing in this case the corpus delicti, guided by paragraph 5 of Article 4 of the RSFSR Code of Criminal Procedure,
The criminal case on the death of a group of tourists by further production is to be stopped.
ML. ADVISOR OF JUSTICE (IVANOV)
CHIEF OF THE INVESTIGATIVE DEPARTMENT
ADVISER OF JUSTICE (LUKIN)