- CASE FILES
- 1 -
Questioning the Witness
April 7-8, 1959 City of Sverdlovsk, Prosecutor of the Investigation Department of the Sverdlovsk Region. counselor of justice Ivanov
Office of the Prosecutor General
As a witness, subject to Art. Art. 162-168 Code of Criminal Procedure of the RSFSR
1. Surname, first name, middle name Atmanaki Georgy
2. Year of birth 26.05.1934 3. Place of birth Stalinskaya obl. Kramatorsk
4. Nationality Russian.
5. Party membership of the Komsomol.
6. Higher education. Dniepropetrovsk Iron and Steel Institute in 1957
7. Lesson: a) currently - the master of HPT shop number 3 Pervouralsky Novotrubnogo plant. b) at the time the indication refers to: the same.
8. I have no previous conviction.
9. Permanent residence: Sverdlovsk region, mountains. Pervouralsk, Vatutina 21, apt. 18. Work. 3-56-II Sound
11. What is the relationship with the accused
On the responsibility for the first part of the si. 92 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR and the refusal to testify under Art. 95 Criminal Code of the RSFSR for giving knowingly false testimony is warned.
G. Atmanaki (signature)
The witness showed: on February 2, having received a vacation at the plant, he came to Sverdlovsk to prepare for participation in the hike of the highest category of difficulty in the Northern Urals as part of the regional team. On the 6th day, after completing all the preparatory work, a group of eight people traveled by train Sverdlovsk - Severouralsk. The next day they arrived in Serov, where they examined the city, made a transfer to the Ivdel train and arrived at Ivdel at 12 o'clock in the morning. The city stayed a day and a half due to the fact that the next day there was no car to the village of Vizhay - the starting point of our hike. All the free time was spent preparing the equipment and completing.
In Vizhay arrived around noon, in the forestry learned details about our upcoming route and agreed in the car park that a passing car we will take to the village of II North, where the easiest way to go on the route. However, in the evening there was no car and we had to spend the night in the school so that the next day to start traffic. At the council, the route and the timetable of the traffic were finally worked out, after which our approach looked like this:
Pos. See - the mouth of the North. Toshemki - 83 a site - further to the west - northwest on the Toshek River to the mouth of the river. Lokhany from there climbing to the city of Chistop from the base camp on the river. Toshemka, then in Toschek with the subsequent transition to the upper reaches of the river. See ascending to the tops of Oiko-Chakur and Peak of Molebny. From the river basin. Visage was scheduled to pass
into the valley of the river Vols and descend or downstream to the left tributary of the Velsa River Churola. According to Churol, there was a climb to the pass to the river Kutim and from there along the Kutima trail to the village. Solva is the first settlement on our route.
From Solva there was a rise to Denezhkin Stone, on his return from it it was planned to reach Pokrovsk-Uralsk in two days' travel, from where it was possible to get to Sverdlovsk by train. The length of the route with radial outlets was about 300-350 km.
It should be noted that with few exceptions, the march passed along such a scheme. In the evening in Vizha from conversations, local residents learned that in front of us to the north went two groups (the group Dyatlova and Rostovites) and the other day the group of the pedagogical institute of Sverdlovsk returned, and in it there were several people who received frostbite of arms and legs.
The group entered the route in the following composition:
1. Atmanaki George - Pervouralsk,
Borisov Boris - Mining Institute,
3. Goryachko Oleg - Mountain Institute,
4. Granin Victor - Mr. Geary,
5. Karelin Vladislav - Research Institute,
6. Angry Evgeny - Teacher Training Institute,
7. Skutin Vladimir - Teacher Training Institute,
8. Shevkunov Vladimir - teacher's college.
On the 9th of February in the morning the group went to the village of 83rd plot, from where it continued along the river Toshek. Two days later the paths approached the mouth ...
(two lines are illegible)
... leaving Shevkunov and ..., complaining about the poor state of health, in the camp, went to the ascent of Mount Chistop. The weather was unfavorable, it was snowing, at times there was no visibility. By 12 o'clock in the afternoon we came to the foot of the hills (?), Having examined the terrain from the tree (...? ...), a mountain massif, very similar to Chistop, but lying to us to the north-west, although according to our calculations it should be in the north-east. They continued on their way and unexpectedly left on a freshly trampled hunting track, going to the sowing. direction. We went along it, then the track parted and began to crumble. Gradually, the whole forest was covered with them, and the generic signs of Mansi t. (..?) Then we continued on the whole snow, tk. the direction of the ski tracks did not suit us. When we climbed the foothills the weather deteriorated sharply: a snowstorm started, snow fell, the visibility was completely lost, and we stopped navigating. Prudence for the sake of turned back. At the foot they met Mansi (someone from the Bakhtiyarovs' family), the conversation did not turn out, because he almost did not speak Russian, and from us no one was strong in their dialect. I managed to find out that we are standing on the river. Lohante (?), I.e. we did not get a little through Toshemka, and therefore the Chistopa massif turned out to be in the west. Yurt Bakhtiyarov was to the south of us in 20 km. We went back and on the way met the family of Bakhtiyarov (Alexei Prokopievich, his son and daughter), and there was also his (distant?) Relative there. From them, we have become more articulate about our whereabouts.
Bakhtyarov said that from his winter retreat in the direction of Oikko-Chakur leads a trail and that in two days it can be traversed with a good move. At 5 o'clock in the evening we returned to the camp, it was decided to go to the yurt Bakhtiyarov the next day and from there go to the tops of Oiko- Chakur and Molebny.
The next day (February 13) for several hours we came to Bakhtiyarov and spent the night in his yurt. From the conversations we learned that this winter through his camp passed the groups of the pedagogical institute (Sverdlovsk) to the north to Toshemka, Rostovites on the river. Vizhay and there were some vague conversations about a certain group, which for a long time wandered and returned to where it came from. Bakhtiarov refused to take us to the summit, saying that it was a long journey, deep snow, etc., but he promised to show the beginning of the path. Accepted us relatively hospitable. The next day the son of Bakhtiyarov took us to the path and went back. Actually there was no path, there were serifs on the trees, indicating the path and untouched snow up to 2 meters deep. There were no traces of man. Two and a half days were a continuous crawl along the virgin snow, after which we approached the foot of the ridge, which included the indicated peaks. On the next day (February 16) a group of five people (three after a difficult journey stayed in the camp to rest on ... After passing a small spur
(two lines are not clear on the transition to the turnover of the sheet)
... leaving in ... Shevkunova and ... approached Oikko-Chakur. After a two-hour ascent, they took the summit, and (side ...?) Vizhaya and Toshemki (Asia) looked wonderful, and the river basin of the Moiva and Vaulx was tightened with fog. On the saddle before the top saw the traces of the Mansi sledge going to the pass between the river. See and the brook Molebny. The pass itself was in a fog. They descended and returned to the camp safely.
On February 17, I and Vladimir Shevkunov got up at 6.00 in the morning to prepare breakfast for the group. After splitting the fire and making everything necessary, they waited for the food to be ready. The sky was cloudy, there were no clouds and no clouds, but there was a slight haze, which usually dissipates with the rising of the sun. Sitting facing north and accidentally turning his head to the east, he saw a milky white blur about 5-6 lunar in diameter and a series of concentric circles consisting of a milky white spot in the sky (...?). It resembled a halo around the moon in a clear frosty weather. I made a comment to my partner, that's how they painted the moon. He thought and said that in the first moon there is no, and besides, it should be on the other side. Since the moment we noticed this phenomenon, it took 1-2 minutes, how much it lasted until then
and as it looked initially do not know. At this moment, at the very center of this spot, an asterisk flared up, which for a few seconds remained the same size, and then began to increase sharply in size and rapidly move in a western direction. Within a few seconds, she grew to the size of the moon, and then tearing off the smoke screen or clouds appeared a huge milk disc of milky color, 2-2.5 lunar in diameter, surrounded by the same rings of pale color. Then, remaining the same size, the ball began to fade until it merged with the surrounding halo, which in turn spread out across the sky and went out. It was dawn. The clock was 6.57, the phenomenon lasted no more than a half minutes and produced a very uneasy impression. Initially, we did not pay attention to it, but then, when the glowing disk itself appeared, they were amazed. Personally, I had the impression that some heavenly body was falling in our direction, then, when it had grown to such enormous dimensions, a thought flashed through, another planet came into contact with the earth, that now a collision would follow and nothing would remain of all earthly things. We were already awake for more than an hour, so we could retire after sleeping and not believe in hallucinations, but in the end everything was as hypnotized and only when
I do not know how Karelin managed to jump out of the sleeping bag at lightning speed and run out into the street wearing socks in his underwear. He managed to see the disc losing its outline and the bright spot spreading across the sky. I had to talk a lot with eyewitnesses, and most people describe this case about the same way and adds that the light from him was so strong that people in homes were awakened from sleep. On this day we went to the pass in the valley of Vels, camped and the next day made an ascent to the Peak of Molebny. Then for several days we walked along Velsu. Here began to come across traces of people, apparently before us was one or several tourist groups with a reindeer team. It was difficult to judge the number of groups and people, because they behaved in a strange way: they did not go as usual in a string, but wandered along the river in disarray, often stopping and leaving for the forest, although it is much more convenient to walk along the river. There is an opinion that while they were passing by the ice, water appeared and they were looking for dry places, and if they were not, they walked around the forest. On Churola, the tracks parted, part went down Velsu, part went along Chorolu (two ...?), Then one good track came to the right and they merged into one ski track, though almost completely covered with snow.
We found the parking lot of the group, apparently it was heavily exhausted, because we did for a day for two or even three day trips. In Solva came without incident, they met a group of tourists from Kazan, going to Konzhakovsky stone. From the local residents learned that through the village passed many different groups, so many that even do not remember who from where.
After climbing Denezhkin, the stone reached Pokrovsk-Uralsk, from there by train to Serov, where we had to make a transfer to the Sverdlovsk train. During the waiting, they went into the dining room, where a friend came to me, and, after naming himself a member of the Northern Geological Party, he said that in the north, a vigorous search for a group of tourists from the city of Sverdlovsk was going on, up to the use of aviation. I asked who we are and whether they are looking for us. I said that we have not yet reached a deadline and asked where and what this group is from. He could not say anything definite, so we ran to the station and simultaneously ordered a conversation with Sverdlovsk and Ivdel, where we were told the headquarters of the search group. From Sverdlovsk Orlova reported that the group of Dyatlov was missing, that the deadline was released on February 12 (it was 25) and that while it is not clear, it was said without any noticeable excitement, so we calmed down a bit. Ivdel did not have a telephone connection at that time and we contacted only through the Ministry of Internal Affairs. I do not know with whom the conversation was conducted in Ivdel, but we were informed that the search was underway, two air assaults on their route were already abandoned and that we would come, because we will also have work. We all ended our holidays, and so we tried to secure a promise that they would give us an excuse document to be given to the place of work. They regrouped, two (Granin and Goryachko) left for Sverdlovsk, tk. were very exhausted in the campaign, and the others got on the train and were at night in Ivdel. In the morning in the dining room met Sogrin, Axelrod and three other guys who came to look for him. Arrived at the airfield, where the Chernyshov group was preparing to dispatch and the plan for the work of the Axelrod Group in the Ottten area was outlined. Initially, we were supposed to give the reconnaissance area of the mountain node Sapal-Chakhl. I and Skutin flew by plane to the Ottoten area in order to view the valley of Lozva and the foothills, and also to plan the landing sites for the landing in the area. After the return the whole group went to our common apartment to prepare for the flight. In the evening Karelin returned and informed that the news had been received that they had found their base camp near Oorten and all the equipment from skis to backpacks was in it.
- 6 -
It became clear that the group was dead, while before that it was not believed in the possibility of such a tragic outcome. There was confirmation of the original version that the group had broken the base camp and leaving there all unnecessary went to the ascent taking for the summit a height of 1079. At this time a snowstorm began and they were scattered on the slope or simply thrown into the abyss. At that time, it was not known that warm clothes and even shoes were found in the tent. On February 26, at 12 noon, we were loaded into a helicopter and dropped off on the saddle to the right of the scallop on the pass to Lozvy and a height of 880. The group consisted of four tourists and two guides with dogs. Our task was: to split into two groups to find a suitable place for a base camp in the Lozvy basin, while another group with dogs would start the patch of the site from the tent and down to Lozve. Leaving skis and equipment on the pass (the second) I, Borisov, the guides of Moiseev and Mostovoi walked along the slope towards the height of 1079, on the pass (the first) met several people from the group of Slobtsov who approximately indicated to us the location of the tent of the group Dyatlov. The rest of the people of the Slobtsov group were at the scallops on the pass, because later discovered the discovery of
... influenced them, that they are completely demoralized and lost all capacity for work. Together with two people from the Slobtsov team and guides, Borisov and I combed the slope lower and to the right of the tent (if we looked down after meeting two Mansi and a comrade of a paramilitary type, who later turned out to be the chief of the Ivdelya fire brigade, they pointed out to us that two kilometers down bodies and showed where the tent is located, rising up found traces that were going down and belonging, as it later turned out, to the dead group.Several pairs of other tracks belonged to the participants of the search groups who visited here the day before. There were no other tracks or objects on this site, except for a roll of film about 15 meters below the tent, which rolled out from there during the preliminary inspection of the tent the day before.This was untouched except for one backpack in which small things were scattered around the tent and collected They did not make a detailed inspection of the tent, because they explained that they were afraid to see their comrades in it.The tent stood sideways to the slope by the entrance to the east, the entrance was unbuttoned but piled in half with buckets, light ... ? backpacks, so that at first appeared
Enter or crush the corner of the tent with a load so that it will not be torn by the wind. The tent stood on unfolded skis, stretch marks are tied to ski poles, and most of them were not damaged. On the slope of the tent they found a flashlight, and a little ice-ax was thrown a little lower, there was a pair of skis stuck in the snow, a windy one (the north side of the tent was torn all the time, and several blankets and a quilted jacket looked out.) Another tent of the tent was littered with inflated snow and lay on the bottom of the tent, pouring all the contents in it Before we started the search we decided to check if there was anyone left in the tent, snow was removed and raised lids were carefully raised blankets and quilted jackets. There were no people in the tent. , boots, backpacks, gaiters and other small equipment were put on top of it.In the heads on the south side were boots and boots, in the far right corner they found a field bag with the documents of the group, a box of films and money, a camera and a few small objects, everything was packed in a backpack, except for the diary and documents sent to the base camp.To continue the further dismantling of the things there was no point, and so they packed everything into place before the investigator arrived, after raising the tent and pulling out three pairs of skis, Dog guides went on foot, and the rest of the skis were used by us to mark the places where the bodies of the dead were found. There were no traces around the tent, tk. Tearing out a hole around it, a lot of snow was thrown, which was subsequently carried away by the wind, destroying all traces. Abandoned flashlight and traces of urine at the tent suggested that someone left the night outside, was torn by the wind and carried away downstairs and that the others, hurrying to help, were also ...? under a mountain of bad weather. However, later going up to the place where the tent stood was convinced that with any wind you can stay on the slope and go back. Meters 20-30 below the tent in the valley of Lozva led a string of tracks well preserved until this time, at first the tracks were in two groups, then joined together and were visible for 700-800 m, after which, leaving on fresh snow disappeared. After the inspection, the tents went downstairs, pointing Slobtsov's people to the supposed place for the base camp and instructing them to go down there and carry the equipment. After passing several rocky ridges, crossing the slope across, descended into the valley continuing to follow the trail. This site was surveyed the day before by the Mansi group and this survey did not yield any results. In the hollow on a completely flat inflated snow, Moiseev's dog showed concern. Having dug off the snow, we
- 8 -
Found the human elbow at a depth of no more than 10 cm.
The total depth of the body is about 50 cm. The head is directed strictly toward the tent. The pose is peculiar to the person walking or trying to crawl along the slope. The comrades identified Kolmogorov. She was dressed in a ski suit, a hood and woolen socks. No physical injuries, except for abrasions on the face, were obtained, obviously, during the falls on stony ridges below the tent was not. At this time, a group of comrades, in whose composition Mansi Kurikov had discovered a little lower another body belonging to Dyatlov. The man was lying on his back, bending his arms in front of his chest, in the same direction as Kolmogorov. He wore a ski suit over which a fur sleeveless shirt and woolen socks were thrown over. The impression was that the person was also trying to go up, judging by the position of the body and also the fact that he had a group of trees in his head, into which he obviously rested, but which he would have to bypass from top to bottom to get in the place where his body was discovered. Finally, about one and a half kilometers from the tent under the cedar, the bodies of Krivonischenko and Doroshenko were found (even earlier), lying side by side on a thin layer of lapnika. One of them lay buried face down with his hands clasped under his head.
The other on his back pulling his arms and legs. Both had almost no clothes except for the cowboys and a pair of pants that one had torn to shreds, and he had nothing on his legs. Meters in two from the place of their death for the cedar have left traces of a fire, quite large, judging by the fact that the remaining guns with a diameter of up to 80 mm, burned in half, everything was powdered with snow, but under the cedar, someone found a cowboy, a handkerchief, several Socks, cuffs from a jacket or sweater and a few more small things. Somewhat closer to the cedar were chosen eight rubles of money, worth 3 and 5 rubles. Meters twenty around the cedar have left traces of how one of those present at the cedar cut a young fir tree with a knife, such cuts survived about twenty, but the trunks, with the exception of one, we were not found. Suppose that they were used for heating it is impossible, because they, in the first place, they burn badly, and besides there were relatively many dry materials around them. In addition, there was no need to cut or chop, because all these young shoots easily broke even from a small effort. One might think that people who were greatly weakened did this, or with a clouded mind. On the cedar, there are traces of fresh kinks. It was broken
Most dry branches up to 5 m high. In addition, the side of the cedar facing the slope on which the tent stood was cleared of branches at an altitude of 4-5 m. These raw branches were not used and partially fell on the ground, partially suspended on the lower branches of the cedar. It looked like people had done something like a window, so you could look from the top of that side of the cedar where they came from and where their tent was.
The amount of work done around the cedar, as well as the presence of many things that obviously could not belong to the two comrades found, indicates that the fire had gathered the most, if not the whole group that made a fire left some of the people in it, part decided to go back, to dig up the tent and bring warm clothes and equipment, and the remaining comrades engaged in making something like a hole where the harvested lapnik was used to wait out the weather and wait for the dawn. It is unclear why Krivonischenko and Doroshenko were stripped, for in winter hikes, and even in the condition of cold overnighting, it is not customary to undress to such an extent. It is possible that the misfortune occurred either at the time of disguise (evening or morning),
Or they were undressed later, because the version that they could lose clothes during running or walking is not very real.
It should be noted that all the comrades found on the first day lay strictly on one line, drawn from the cedar to the tent. On the same day, the Mansi groups and the arriving groups of tourists by the method of free search examined the areas near the cedar and even in the forest beyond the ravine, the channel of the fourth Lozva stream 0.5 km and all the most probable places of death along the stream. Approaches to the pass between the mountains were examined. 880 and scallops. No more signs of the group were found. The guides of Moiseyev and Mostovoi went around the whole area with the dogs, but this search was also not successful. At 5 o'clock in the evening we went to the pass, where equipment was stacked, they learned that the camp was planned to be broken not in the valley of Lozva, but in the upper part of Auspiya, in favor of this variant a whole series of arguments was cited, the most convincing of which was the desire not to make in Lozva unnecessary traces and do not interfere with the work of dogs.
Practice has shown that this event greatly increased the time required for approaches and waste from the site of work, required a much greater effort and especially complicated work during the period of the thaw when the slopes of the pass were covered with ice crust.
- 10 -
The people and cargo were lowered into the valley already darkly, two tents were broken by common efforts, but in the future the smaller one was curtailed, because the other was quite enough to locate a detachment of 30-40 people. At the same time, the group of Captain Chernyshov, who had been landed two days earlier on the river, approached the base camp. Purme.
By this time, the overall course of rescue operations looked like this:
The rescue headquarters in Ivdel began its work in the twentieth of February, at the same time the group of Slobtsov was landed on the route of the group, II North went to Lozva and found there no traces left on the third source Lozvy on the slope of height 1079 found here the tent of the group Dyatlov, while in the valley of Auspii they also found traces of the group leading to the pass. On February 26, at 12 o'clock in the afternoon, a group of operational officers of Captain Chernyshov was sent to Purmu, while a group of climbers landed at the summit of Ottoten, whose mission was to comb the slopes of Ottenen and survey the car on the south-western spur of the summit.
February 27 in the morning
A group of tourists with guides of service dogs, who immediately joined in the work. In the evening of the same day, three groups, with the exception of a group of climbers, who was photographed a day later, gathered in the upper reaches of Auspii, where they broke the base camp and centralized their activities.
On February 28 all the personnel, except for the people on duty and a few people left for the preparation of firewood and additional equipment for the camp, went behind the pass for a search. Part of the people together with the prosecutor of Ivdel went to the tent to disassemble things and draw up an act. This took a whole day. The second smaller part of the group surveyed the ravine in front of the cedar, the site around the cedar, and the places where the dead comrades had been found the day before. A group of conductors worked with dogs. No new results were found in this search. A group of five people took three bodies to the pass for transportation to Ivdel. Things belonging to the dead group were taken to the pass and prepared for shipment. In the evening, during communication with Ivdel, probing probes, necessary products and materials were ordered. The next day, in very bad weather (cold, wind and lack of visibility), the group went to the pass, a helicopter came and sent the things and
- 11 -
Equipment of the deceased. Some of the easily dressed comrades who were threatened with frostbite were sent down for chores, the rest with sticks and ski sticks went to the tent and, with a deployed front, surveyed the site from the tent down. The search was unsuccessful. Taking into account the inclement weather and the difficulties of returning to the camp, the group at three o'clock in the afternoon finished the job and returned back.
In the evening on the council it was decided to organize systematic sweeping of the site from the tent down to a width of 250 to 300 m depending on the circumstances. From that day, after they were adequately equipped with probes and other tools, the group began to move down and probing, and in dubious places plowing snow. At the same time, a group of five people launched a search down the cedar area. The plot was scratched in 50 m behind the cedar, the ravine going there was not examined, tk. the probes that were available did not allow us to check the entire depth of the snow, reaching in these places 4-5 meters. The area adjoining directly to the fire was dug up; around the fire was found a layer of well-trodden melted snow, which indicates that the fire
The fire was gathering a lot of people. The group of deminers who had arrived the day before had conducted a study of this area, but this experiment was not successful. Convinced of the inability to use mine detectors under these conditions, sappers were transported to work with probes. Having finished work near the cedar they began to move upward in an orderly way, surveying the originally planned area. Over the course of three days, five people, led by Captain Vlasov, freely searched the area of the fourth tributary of the Lozva, a length of 6 km, went to Lozva and crossed the valley of this river. No traces were found, the depth of snow in this region is not less than 1.5 2 m, so that the group's withdrawal in this direction completely disappears, in the following days sections were taken along the slope of height 1079 and further to the north, and also complete a roundabout along the slope of 880 with a subsequent descent to the tributary of Lozva; traces are not present, to leave without skis on the big distance it is practically impossible.
Meanwhile, the main group discovered Slobodin's body about 1000 meters from the tent, was wearing a ski suit, a hat, warm socks and one felt boots. The head was pointed toward the tent,
- 12 -
On the hands there were abrasions and cuts of the skin, obtained during falls or breakage of branches. The next day the body was taken to the pass and sent to Ivdel on the first flight. Throughout all the search works, systematic replacement of the search participants by new people was carried out, mainly from the army units.
The next two days (March 7-8) were devoted to the completion of work in the creek area, simultaneously a group of five people equipped with avalanche probes passed a ravine 50 m behind the cedar, surveying a 300 m long section.
No results were given, except that 100 meters below the tent was found an electric flashlight in the on state with a burnt out battery belonging to someone from the dead group.
On March 8, the head of the search group Maslennikov flew to Ivdel to develop further search activities.
On March 9, I was evacuated from the camp in connection with the need to return to the factory at the place of work. On one of the last days of a group sent to the search in the upper reaches of Auspii, 400 meters from the base camp of our party, was found the camp of the group Dyatlov, made before reaching the pass and a height of 1079. In addition to food, a spare pair of skis, warmed boots, mandolin and a few small things. There were no other signs of being in the area people. The information on the progress of further exploration is poorly informed.
The protocol is written with your own hand
G. Atmanaki (signature)
Interrogated L.Ivanov (signature)