- CASE FILES
questioning of the witness
10 March 1959 the prosecutor criminologist Sverdlovsk region mL. Counselor of Justice Ivanov questioned in Ivdel as a witness, in compliance with the Code of Criminal Procedure st.162-168
1. Last name, first name and patronymic Evgeny Maslennikov Polikarpovich
2. Year of birth 1924
3. Place of birth d. Lubna, Folensky (?) District of the Kirov region.
5.Partiynost: CPSU since 1957.
6. education (a school and when he graduated in 1948 from the Ural Polytechnic Institute.
7. Lesson: a) at the moment - the place of work and position: Deputy. Ch. Mechanics visa. b) at the time to which the evidence: too.
8. Conviction: do not judge.
9.Postoyannoe location (detailed address and telephone №): Sverdlovsk, Factory, 32, kv.84.
10. Passport: -.
11. In what ways is the accused: -.
On the responsibility of the first part of Art. 92 of the RSFSR Criminal Code for refusing to testify and under Art. 95 RSFSR Criminal Code for knowingly giving false testimony. Signature.
The witness testified: In the second half of December 1958 UPI student Igor Dyatlov and someone else of the students came to me in the Touring Club and was told that they have a proposal to organize a campaign category III (the highest) for the Northern Urals. The route this time was not discussed in detail, discussed only the general idea - to pass on the ridge Ivdel previously discussed the group. Woodpeckers then called the candidacy of Kolmogorov and some others.
I knew the area and knew the campaign group and therefore in principle not opposed to such a campaign.
Woodpeckers and other members of the campaign after the conversation with me met with the chairman of the tourist section of the city Bogomolov, with members of the commission route Novikova, the Queen, as well as Karelin and other activists.
My next meeting with the participants of the campaign took place on 08.01.59 In the club came to me all the band members, and showed me a draft campaign. The project was presented to the route, a brief description of the campaign, the schedule of public and personal equipment, characterized by the group, contains the financial side of the campaign.
I made three points: 1) the wish participants of a campaign issue ranks 2) included in the scheme of the incoming part and 3) change control campaign dates upwards.
The draft campaign each participant hike the number of trips by Category difficulty indicated. However, not all bits have been issued. Talking to the participants of the campaign, I found that some of them already have the right to
On registration of higher rank, but they did not. We were interested in the fact that tourists have issued timely discharges. Now I do not remember any of the participants had a sports category, but then, in the conversation, I said.
The fact is that to obtain, for example, of 2nd category must have five campaigns, including a campaign 1 category 3 difficulties and 2 campaign 2 categories. Zina Kolmogorov, for example, had 6 campaigns, including a campaign 4 category 2 and category 3 1 campaign. She already had the right to get a second discharge. About it and discussed in my first comment on the campaign project.
The second point came down to the fact that the cost estimates were not available The credit side. Usually trade union finances half of the campaign and in this case it was not recorded in the project. The guys also explained to me that part of the expenses taken the trade union - the amount I can not remember.
On key dates, participants hike is not made allowances for unforeseen circumstances.
There is such an order that the campaign is controlled by a 2-organizations - organizations that finance them and direct - sports clubs and organizations, controlling - is the city committee for physical culture and sports.
Participants hike in their project, they were required to report by telegram to GK Institute of Physical Education and Sports Club 26/01/59, out of the village. Vijay the beginning of the campaign, and 09/02/59, in the same telegram addresses - the end of the campaign.
According to the schedule spare no time left and on my suggestion, target dates have been changed: the first
terms are specified 28.01 and a second term - 12.02.59 city These terms and are listed in the routing protocol of the commission. Taking into account the comments of the project was approved by the Commission for the route, which is drawn up route commission. It is made in 3 copies.
1 copy. Protocol remains in the affairs of the route of the commission - one in the Civil Affairs of physical education and the third copy of the cables carry through the head of the group to the gym. In this case, Dyatlov received the third copy of the protocol, but to the gym was not handed over, and 1 and 2 copies were intended.
20.02.59 Mr. called me so. Ufimcev of GC Physical Education and asked me to call him urgently. About 3-3.30 day I called Ufimtseva and he immediately told me that there is no group of Dyatlov that target date her 12.02, and they have not returned. I told him what I knew about this route, because Ufimcev few imagined the route. I also said that the route is complicated, and the group is very strong, can not get lost and so the situation must be considered complex.
I asked Ufimtseva on the measures it has already adopted and Ufimcev replied that he contacted the institute employees, but they initially refused from that group, because she allegedly team and not the institute, ie it consisted of Zolotarev, Slobodin Krivonischenko, Thibault.
Ufimtseva question boiled down to the fact that who is to begin the search and who should lead. Ufimtseva I said that the organization, which sends a group, ie, OIP should immediately begin the search.
That night I did not go anywhere, was the end of the working day.
This conversation took place on 02.20.59, the next morning -. On Saturday at 9 am the director of the plant called Chernavin Secretary Oblprofsoveta Chevtaev and asked me to come to him on the group Dyatlov.
By Chevtaeva I arrived at 11 days was 21.02 and he has until the end of the working day. We were 5-6 Chevtaeva executives Oblprofsoveta and I talked about the group, the itinerary and fitness, etc. I said that the group could not have been accidents related to inexperience or shortcomings of equipment. The meeting was informed that the information is received from Ivdel and Vizhaya, but there is no information about the group. Headquarters for the rescue team has already been created in the institute.
I suggested that any of the participants could hurt his leg, and the band displays a participant, slowing the pace of movement. Commented that any of the participants of the tour the flu and the whole group to sit in a secluded place.
All wondered why there are no documents in the Institute, ie Minutes of the meeting of the commission route.
On Monday, 02/23/59, I called Ufimtseva, who told me in the morning that no positive results, and the Institute has abandoned a search party. I began then to call in the trade union and contacted the Institute of Vishnevsky, which in turn has called me. Wisniewski told me that there are no results, and asked me to come to the Institute and to advise them on this matter.
At the Institute, I stayed until 12 pm. At the institute I had to tell the whole story again about the details of the preparation group, on the route that I think could happen with the band and of my considerations on the organization of research.
Institute has a group of students under the guidance of Slobtsova route group Dyatlov was sent. From Ivdel reported that Dyatlov discovered overnight in the middle flow. Auspiya that a group of geologists of the Northern Expedition comes in the wake of Dyatlov and three groups Mansi went out in search of the route: one-on Oyko Chakur, the other - along the ridge and the third - on Otorten. Institute leaders believed that more bands should not be sent.
I suggested that the group should be sent again. It is better, in my opinion, it was to send a group of students, who could give the best results. This is what I call Vishnevsky, chairman of the trade union and Party secretary Slobodina Zaostrovsky. At 9:00 they gathered at the Institute's Director. And they called me.
It was decided to send a group of climbers led by student Grebennikov for the exploration of the city of Oyko-Chakur and a subsequent meeting with the group Slobtsova. Slobtsov had to walk along the ridge to the north of Otorten and Grebennik had to go to the south, that is, traversing the ridge.
Then director of the Institute Siunov turned to the director of the plant Chernavin to loan me as a consultant for the search group. I'm not opposed to such a proposal.
Plant director agreed to the request, and 24.02 in the morning, I flew the plane in Ivdel.
With me flew a group of Grebennikov, Wisniewski and Ortyukov. In Ivdel I was already Gordo, Blinov. Pancakes search was organized and provided material Gordo chst expedition.
On the same day at a meeting in the City Party Committee, it was decided to start searching for groups in all areas of the route group Dyatlov.
24, February 25 and 26 have been abandoned: Grebennik group on Oyko-Chakur, Chernishova - to pass between the rivers and PURM Visscher, Axelrod - on Otorten Slobtsovu were invited to follow on p. Auspiyu.
26.02 Group Karelin was prepared for landing on mountain Sapol stunted Komi ASSR. From the village. Suevatpaul on p. Auspiya out Mansi group led by Stepan Kurikova. It should be mentioned that the work of information from the first search Mansi days was untenable.
Muncie came in search only 25.02 and 26.02, they met with a group of Slobtsova.
The other two groups Mansi, of which we spoke back in the Institute, in fact, did not go in search and at least a trace of them we have not seen at all.
25 and 26 February an agreement was reached with Perm that a group of hunters will be held in Komi north-south direction along the valley of the river Vishera.
Dyatlova group represented Route ring which begins and ends in Vijay: Vijay - river Lozvy, pos. 2nd North, p. Auspiya, city Otorten - on the main ridge to the south, to the mountains Oyko-Chakur through the upper reaches of rivers and PURM Vishera - out on the river on Toshemke Vijay.
The landing groups and route them to provide all the passage of the route group Dyatlov on all points.
26.02 in the evening from the group Slobtsova received a report that found the tent Dyatlov with all things, items of food and skiing. This was the signal for the removal of all the search groups from other directions. 27.02 we took a route group Chernyshova and transferred it to the height of "1079", Kurikova group, a group of Axelrod and transferred to the same group of ITL Moses with dogs. There turned out to be 7 groups.
2/27/59, I was appointed Chief of Joint Staff of the search teams and sent to the height of "1079" In the evening of the camp on the height of the search 36 was defeated on the same day by the free search groups and Doroshenko Krivonischenko bodies were found, the body and the body of Igor Dyatlov Zina Kolmogorov. With the participation of comrade prosecutor. Tempalova inspection protocol was drawn up place the body was discovered.
The first bodies Krivonischenko and Doroshenko were found, which were at the crown cedar bonfire. The bodies were half-naked state. The body was Krivonischenko cowboy shirt, torn pants and white trunks. Other clothing was not. The body was Doroshenko shirt, cowboy shirt, hot pants and shorts. Other clothing also was not. Inspection detect where they testified that they or their participation was diluted pretty decent fire of cedar and fir-trees branches, but the fire was burning and a half hours (vosmisantimetrovye cedar boughs blown in half).
By the fire was scattered several socks of wool and cotton, lady's handkerchief, a burned-out in several places, a few scraps of woolen clothes, and do these things
We were not detected.
Krivonischenko lying face up, arms freely swiveled. Doroshenko was lying face down, hands behind his head. Under body Doroshenko had three or four audio knot cedar thickness. Lower Verka cedar at a height of up to 2 meters (dry), were broken off, people obviously climbed on the cedar, because at a height of 4.5 - 5 m branch on a cedar were also broken. Not far from the cedar were two birch trees, which have strong cuts like trying to cut birch.
Krivonischenko bodies were found and Doroshenko guys from Slobtsova - Strel'nikov and Sharavin. There is also a Karelin.
Next he was found dead Dyatlov. Diatlov lying 300m from cedar toward the tent, in birch, face up. His left hand was podtyanta to face - he seems to be closed against the wind. Dyatlov was dressed warmer Krivonischenko and Doroshenko. He was wearing a fur vest, svitr, cowboy shirt, underwear, ski pants and other clothing. There were no hats, shoes and gloves, as well as jackets and jackets. In Dyatlov on hand was a clock which showed 5:00 31 minute.
350 m above Dyatlova toward the tent, Lt. Mosaic via body Z.Kolmogorovoy dogs found. Kolmogorov was lying sideways, knees pulled up to his stomach, arms bent at the elbows and held it to his face.
Kolmogorov was dressed more warmly Dyatlov - 2 woolen jackets, cowboy shirt, two caps, 2 trousers, leggings and other underwear. On the feet of four sock. On Kolmogorova had no jackets, shoes and gloves.
28.2.59 was examined Tent Dyatlov. Tent inspection showed that it remained almost all personal belongings Group, as well as public equipment.
The tent was 150 m from the spur ridge (900m) of height "1079". The tent was stretched out on skis and sticks, hammered into the snow, its entrance facing the south side and on that side extensions were intact, and stretching north side disrupted and therefore the entire second half of the tent was covered with snow. The snow was a little, then pour that blizzards in the period of February. We found the tent: ice ax, a spare pair of LV directly from the tent of 10-15 m were sneakers, socks and fur jacket Dyatlov. Immediately lying cheater. On kitasky tent lantern lit lying (but not burnt). Most tents have engaged Brusnitsin, who will talk about the location of things in it better than me. chityvaya that the tent was t.Tempalov prosecutor and a sufficient number of people I had gone down to the search engine group, as It was necessary to activate the tracing of people.
The tent Dyatlova backpacks have 9, LV 10 pairs, of which 9 pairs under the bottom of the tent 8 pairs of shoes, a pair of boots 3.5 (7 pcs.), Several padded jackets, and other property.
When the inspection was over the tent, we dragged dragged her to the helipad at a distance of 600-700 meters.
In the following days, we began to systematically check the ravine over 1,500 m. And a width of 350 m. At the top, up to 250 m below. All search party front passed through the emergency zone and each meter made from 5 to 8 injections probe.
Further probing emergency area free search method was examined by the surrounding area, in particular a spur tops "1079" saddle between the heights "880" and "1079", 4th valley tributary. Lozvy, whose origins accident \. Plague area north of the site of the accident, as well as River valley. Lozvy 4-5 km vveh and down the river from its confluence in her 4th creek.
These searches have yielded no results. No trace of man or beast of prey traces were found.
From Croke route group sees that the tourists in the upper reaches of the river left Auspiya storage shed (stock products). 3.2.59, the group found Kurikova Slobtsova and storage shed. It was constructed in the upper river. Auspii, 100 meters from the shore of the river, 500 meters below the timberline.
The products were detected storage shed 19 denominations weighing 55 kg. According to the tourist standards - 1200g. dry food per person per day, this stock is provided 6-7 days trip. Storage shed was arranged very safe and there were wood for an overnight stay on the way back. In addition to storage shed product was cargo which is superfluous when climbing - one pair of skis replacement, replacement shoes - 2 pairs, mandolin, kit (medicines group was provided very good).
March 3 and 4 to continue the search, and March 5 probes have discovered the body Slobodina. Slobodina body was found in the place where before a systematic search is not performed. Slobodina body was under a layer of snow in a 12 - 15 cm, found him
Karelin and soldiers from the group of Lieutenant Potapov. The body was lying face down, head in the direction of the tent, the left hand is folded to the side, while the right hand is clenched in a fist and is brought to the breast. Foot rule is matched to the stomach, to Gog boots. Second boots absent. On the body wore black svitr, warm underwear, cowboy shirt, ski pants, a few pairs of socks, ski cap on his head. The body was midway between Diatlov Kolmogorova and, more specifically - 150 m from Kolmogorova and 180 m from the Dyatlova.
All the bodies were found on a straight line between strict and cedar tent, at a certain angle to the hollow. The search continued until March 8, when I flew in Ivdel for the Commission's report of the results.
Question: What in your opinion was the actual route of the group?
Answer: From the diaries, the CRIC, as well as data mining (including, of course, and the data, which I have before the release of the group in the campaign) considers that Dyatlov group take a train to the station. Ivdel, from there by bus to the village. Vijay from Vizhaya motor vehicle has reached to 41 quarters, and there was the skiing and reached the 2 nd North village. Backpacks them to the 2nd North were dropped off on the horse.
At the 2nd North from the group separated and returned to Sverdlovsk student Yu.Yudin because his ill leg, and the group continued to move.
28.01.59, the group held about 15 km and stopped for the night on the river Lozvy. The next day, the group reached 29.01 to the mouth. Auspiya and passed up
its flow up to 3 km. 30/01/59, they went even 17 km out on this day, they at 10.30. This is the warm overnight, which respond well to all the participants of the campaign. Place this lodging found Slobtsova group.
31.01 band went through 14 km and in the evening came to pass p. Lozvy, to the place where we later had a helipad. The diaries of participants of the tour says that the pass met them by the wind, which happens during the ascent of the aircraft. Bad weather and the unsuitability of the place to spend the night in such conditions forced the group to return to the 1000 m down and spend the night in the woods, on the left bank of the river Auspiya.
The next day - 1.02 Group arranged a storage shed (warehouse) and 3 o'clock in the afternoon, after lunch, went for his old trail to the pass between the peaks of "1079" and "880".
I believe that the group made a mistake that went to the pass to the left of the place where they had to go out and coming close to the top of the "1079" they proceeded to the crest of its spur in the side of the river. Lozvy. It is 700 meters to the left of the right way to them.
I also believe that they have taken the spur of the climb to the pass, which they needed and stayed here because from under the ridge was a strong wind, which did not allow them to cross the crest of the main ridge. I must say that in Dyatlov group did not intend to handle at this point the main ridge, but they actually came up to him, although I believe that they did not know about it.
Maybe it will be very bold, but I believe that the group has stopped
in the place where later was broken tent, and one or two men climbed to the crest of the spur height "1079", where they were met by a strong wind and the scouts returned.
On the eve of the group tried unsuccessfully to take a pass and returned. 1.02 They went further and they did not take the crest of the spur. 2 solutions can be taken in the following conditions: 1) back down into the forest and spend the night, and 2) break up a tent on a bare spot to spend the night cold in the morning, without losing the reached height, easy to take the pass. Woodpeckers took the second option.
In my opinion, to stay for the night in this place, knowing that this is the slope of the main ridge, Dyatlov could not. He was a very careful man, and experienced hikers.
The next morning, a group of 2.02 expected to come to the top of Otorten spend the night there, and the 3.02 climb to the summit and return to its Labasa per day in case of good weather and two days in case of bad weather. From a warehouse group had to go to the upper r.Purmy, then to the Vishera river, go to the upper reaches of the river Niols River, and from there up to the city Oyka Chakur and p. North Toshemke come to Vijay.
Q: What are in your opinion the cause of death group Dyatlov?
A: I think so. That the cause of death was some kind of emergency that forced the group to consider being in a tent more dangerous than the storm wind sleeping half-naked in the snow. In. that the group deliberately left the tent, no doubt. We found traces of almost
the whole group. The circumstances of the abandonment of the tent, and cut it for me inexplicable.
Protocol written down from my words correctly,
me personally read.
E. Maslennikov (signature).
Prosecutor-criminologist Ivanov (signature).